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ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ВИКОРИСТАННЯ ДЕРЖАВНО-ПРИВАТНОГО ПАРТНЕРСТВА В ОСВІТІ: ЗАКОРДОННИЙ ДОСВІД
П. І. Шилепницький, І. П. Петрова

DOI: 10.32702/2307-2105-2019.12.12

УДК: 338.22

П. І. Шилепницький, І. П. Петрова

ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ВИКОРИСТАННЯ ДЕРЖАВНО-ПРИВАТНОГО ПАРТНЕРСТВА В ОСВІТІ: ЗАКОРДОННИЙ ДОСВІД

Анотація

Стаття присвячена використанню співпраці держави та приватного бізнесу у формі державно-приватного партнерства (ДПП) в галузі надання освітніх послуг. Освітня галузь займає основоположне місце в структурі функцій держави через наступні чинники: є однією з передумов забезпечення сталого розвитку; є базисом національної безпеки держави; створює рівні можливості для самореалізації людини; визначає конкурентоспроможність національної економіки тощо. Проте, на сьогодні склалась ситуація, коли держава одноосібно не в змозі здійснювати надання освітніх послуг належної якості стосовно вимог сьогодення, що пов’язано з обмеженими можливостями державного бюджету, браком інновацій державних закладів освіти, неадекватною реакцією на запити ринку, низькою якістю освітніх послуг, відсутністю належної системи менеджменту, підбору кадрів, оплати та мотивації тощо. Як показує досвід інших країн світу, одним з варіантів вирішення цієї проблеми могло б стати залучення ресурсів приватного бізнесу на засадах державно-приватного партнерства, яке б дало змогу поєднати можливості останнього із соціальною спрямованістю держави.

Ключові слова: державно-приватне партнерство (ДПП); державний сектор; приватний бізнес; сфера освіти; концесійні школи; чартерні школи; субсидовані школи.

Література

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9. Education [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: https://www.partnershipsuk.org.uk/PUK-Education.aspx – Назва з екрану.
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11. Edwards Jr, D. B., Hartley, H. Theory versus Reality in Charter Schools in Colombia / D. Brent Edwards Jr, H. Hartley. – 2015. - [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу: https://ncspe.tc.columbia.edu/working-papers/OP225.pdf.
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13. Innovative Strategies for Accelerated Human Resource Development in South Asia: Public–Private Partnerships for Education and Training—Special Focus on Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka / Asian Development Bank. – 2017. [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу: https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/385661/ppp-education-sa.pdf.
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17. Osorio, P., Carlos, J., Wodon, Q. T. Faith-based schools in Latin America : case studies on Fe y Alegria (English) / P. Osorio, J. Carlos, Q. T. Wodon. - Washington, DC: World Bank Group. - 2013. – 147 p.
18. Patrinos, H.A., Barrera‐Osorio, F., Guáqueta, J. The Role and Impact of Public‐ Private Partnerships in Education / H. A. Patrinos, F. Barrera‐Osorio, J. Guáqueta, J. – Washington, DC. – 2009. – 98 p.
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Pavlo Shylepnytskyi, Iryna P. Petrova

PECULIARITIES OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP USE IN EDUCATION: FOREIGN EXPERIENCE

Summary

The article is devoted to the use of public-private partnerships in the form of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the provision of educational services. The educational sector occupies a fundamental place in the structure of the functions of the state due to the following factors: it is one of the prerequisites for ensuring sustainable development; it is the basis of national security of the state; it creates equal opportunities for human self-realization; it determines the competitiveness of the national economy and so on. However, today there is a situation where the state alone is not able to provide good quality education services according to the nowadays requirements, due to limited state budget capabilities, lack of innovation of state educational institutions, inadequate response to market requests, poor quality of educational services, lack of a proper management system, recruitment, wages and motivation and more. According to the experience of the other countries, one of the ways to resolve this problem could be to attract the resources of private business on the basis of public-private partnership, which would combine the opportunities of the latter with the social orientation of the state. It would allow to receive the following advantages comparing with the traditional way of public assets development and related services provision: private management orientation on satisfaction of consumers’ needs; educational innovation of private business; distribution of risks between the parties on the principle of the best treatment of them; life-time costing of the project; higher quality of assets and educational services; lower production costs; financial resources of the private sector; preschedule or timely implementation of the project; opportunities for the state budget to fund additional social expenditures etc. The paper studies the main features of public-private partnership and its models, which are used in the provision of educational services. Besides, experience of different countries in the field of educational PPPs is analyzed. The recommendations for improving of the public-private partnership development in Ukraine are elaborated.

Keywords: public-private partnership (PPP); public sector; private business; education; concessionary schools; charter schools; subsidized schools.

References

1. Aslam, M., Rawal, S. and Saeed, S. (2017). “Public-Private Partnerships in Education in Developing Countries: A Rigorous Review of the Evidence”, Ark Education Partnerships Group, available at: http://arkonline.org/sites/default/files/ArkEPG_PPP_report.pdf (Accessed December 6, 2019).
2. Bettinger, E. (2005), “The Effect of Charter Schools on Charter Students and Public Schools”, Economics of Education Review, No. 24 (2), pp.133–147.
3. Bifulco, R. and Ladd, H. F. (2006), “The Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement: Evidence from North Carolina”, Journal of Education Finance and Policy, No. 1(1), pp. 778–820.
4. “Building Schools for the Future”, available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Building_Schools_for_the_Future (Accessed December 6, 2019).
5. ”Building Schools for the Future factsheet”, available at: http://web.archive.org/web/20080924172144/http://www.number10.gov.uk/Page5801 (Accessed December 7, 2019).
6. “Building Schools for the Future: renewing the secondary school estate. Twenty-seventh Report of Session 2008–09”, available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmselect/cmpubacc/274/274.pdf (Accessed December 7, 2019).
7. Constance, P. (2003), “Public school, privately run”, available at: https://www.iadb.org/en/news/public-school-privately-run (Accessed December 6, 2019).
8. “Department for Children, Schools and Families Departmental Report 2008” available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/324671/dcsf_departmental_report_2008.pdf (Accessed December 5, 2019).
9. “Education”, available at: https://www.partnershipsuk.org.uk/PUK-Education.aspx (Accessed December 5, 2019).
10. “Education - United Nations Sustainable Development”, available at: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/education/ (Accessed December 5, 2019).
11. Edwards Jr, D. B. and Hartley, H. (2015), “Theory versus Reality in Charter Schools in Colombia”, available at: https://ncspe.tc.columbia.edu/working-papers/OP225.pdf (Accessed December 9, 2019).
12. Garcia, A. (2017), “Chile's School Voucher System: Enabling Choice or Perpetuating Social Inequality?”, available at: https://www.newamerica.org/education-policy/edcentral/chiles-school-voucher-system-enabling-choice-or-perpetuating-social-inequality/ (Accessed December 9, 2019).
13. Asian Development Bank (2017), “Innovative Strategies for Accelerated Human Resource Development in South Asia: Public–Private Partnerships for Education and Training—Special Focus on Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka”, available at: https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/385661/ppp-education-sa.pdf (Accessed December 9, 2019).
14. “ISASA”, available at: https://www.bridgehouse.org.za/about/affiliations/independent-schools-association-of-south-africa (Accessed December 10, 2019).
15. LaRoque, N. (2005), “Contracting for the Delivery of Education Services: A Typology and International Examples”, Paper presented at the PEPG and World Bank Conference "Mobilizing the Private Sector for Public Education", Cambridge, MA, October 5-6 2005, available at: https://sites.hks.harvard.edu/pepg/PDF/events/MPSPE/PEPG-05-07larocque.pdf (Accessed December 1, 2019).
16. LaRoque, N. (2008), “Public-Private Partnerships in Basic Education: An International Review”, available at: https://olc.worldbank.org/sites/default/files/CfBT_LaRocque_PPPs%20in%20Basic%20Education%20An%20International%20Review_0.pdf (Accessed December 1, 2019).
17. Osorio, P., Carlos, J. and Wodon, Q. T. (2013), “Faith-based schools in Latin America: case studies on Fe y Alegria (English)”, World Bank Group, Washington, DC.
18. Patrinos, H.A., Barrera‐Osorio, F. and Guáqueta, J. (2009), “The Role and Impact of Public‐ Private Partnerships in Education”, Washington, DC.
19. “Private Finance Initiative”, available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_finance_initiative (Accessed December 2, 2019).
20. “Private Finance Initiative”, available at: https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/reference/private-finance-initiative (Accessed December 2, 2019).
21. “Private Finance Initiative (PFI)”, available at: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/privatefinanceinitiative.asp (Accessed December 2, 2019).
22. BASEAK (2015), “Public private partnerships in education”, BASEAK White Papers, No.3.
23. BBC (2011), “Q&A: Building Schools for the Future”, available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/education-10682980 (Accessed December 15, 2019).
24. Radinger, T., et al. (2018), OECD Reviews of School Resources: Colombia 2018, OECD Reviews of School Resources, OECD Publishing, Paris.
25. “State Subsidies for Independent Schools”, available at: https://www.isasa.org/state-subsidies-for-independent-schools/# (Accessed December 15, 2019).
26. “Sustainable Schools: Are we building schools for the future?”, Seventh Report of Session 2006–07, V.I available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmeduski/140/140.pdf (Accessed December 15, 2019).
27. CER (2014), “Tennessee’s charter school sector would benefit from public-private partnerships”, available at: https://edreform.com/2014/03/tennessees-charter-school-sector-would-benefit-from-public-private-partnerships/ (Accessed December 14, 2019).
28. Termes, A., Bonal, X., Zancajo, A. and Verger A. (2015), “Public-Private partnerships in Colombian Education: The Equity and Quality Implications of Colegios en concesion”, Privatisation in Education Research Initiative (PERI), Paper No. 66, available at: https://pure.uva.nl/ws/files/2599921/175603_WorkingPaper66_PPPs.pdf (Accessed December 7, 2019).
29. Tilak, J. B. G. (2016), “Public private partnership in education”, THF Discussion Paper, No.3, available at: https://www.headfoundation.org/papers/2016_3)_Public_Private_Partnership_in_Education.pdf (Accessed December 7, 2019).
30. EIB (2012), “United Kingdom – England. PPP Units and Related Institutional Framework”, available at: https://www.eib.org/attachments/epec/epec_uk_england_ppp_unit_and_related_institutional_framework_en.pdf (Accessed December 3, 2019).
31. Yong, H. K. (2013), “PPP in education: going beyond the PFI model”, available at: http://www.cedol.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/ PPP-in-education-Yong.pdf (Accessed December 3, 2019).

№ 12 2019

Дата публікації: 2019-12-27

Кількість переглядів: 609

Відомості про авторів

П. І. Шилепницький

доктор економічних наук, професор, професор кафедри міжнародної економіки, Чернівецький національний університет ім. Ю. Федьковича

Pavlo Shylepnytskyi

Doctor of economic sciences, professor, Department of International Economics,Yu. Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University

ORCID:

0000-0002-5517-5858


І. П. Петрова

кандидат економічних наук, старший науковий співробітник відділу проблем регуляторної політики і розвитку підприємництва, Інститут економіки промисловості НАН України

Iryna P. Petrova

PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, Department of Problems of Regulatory Policy and Entrepreneurship Development, Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine

ORCID:

0000-0002-0515-5349

Як цитувати статтю

Шилепницький П. І., Петрова І. П. Особливості використання державно-приватного партнерства в освіті: закордонний досвід. Ефективна економіка. 2019. № 12. – URL: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=7526 (дата звернення: 04.07.2020). DOI: 10.32702/2307-2105-2019.12.12

Shylepnytskyi, Pavlo and Petrova, Iryna P. (2019), “Peculiarities of public-private partnership use in education: foreign experience”, Efektyvna ekonomika, [Online], vol. 12, available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=7526 (Accessed 04 Jul 2020). DOI: 10.32702/2307-2105-2019.12.12

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